Collect container metrics with Netdata

Thanks to close integration with Linux cgroups and the virtual files it maintains under /sys/fs/cgroup, Netdata can monitor the health, status, and resource utilization of many different types of Linux containers.

Netdata uses cgroups.plugin to poll /sys/fs/cgroup and convert the raw data into human-readable metrics and meaningful visualizations. Through cgroups, Netdata is compatible with all Linux containers, such as Docker, LXC, LXD, Libvirt, systemd-nspawn, and more. Read more about Docker-specific monitoring below.

Netdata also has robust Kubernetes monitoring support thanks to a Helmchart to automate deployment, collectors for k8s agent services, and robust service discovery to monitor the services running inside of pods in your k8s cluster. Read more about Kubernetes monitoring below.

A handful of additional collectors gather metrics from container-related services, such as dockerd or Docker Engine. You can find all container collectors in our supported collectors list under the containers/VMs and Kubernetes headings.

Collect Docker metrics

Netdata has robust Docker monitoring thanks to the aforementioned cgroups.plugin. By polling cgroups every second, Netdata can produce meaningful visualizations about the CPU, memory, disk, and network utilization of all running containers on the host system with zero configuration.

Netdata also collects metrics from applications running inside of Docker containers. For example, if you create a MySQL database container using docker run --name some-mysql -e MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD=my-secret-pw -d mysql:tag, it exposes metrics on port 3306. You can configure the MySQL collector to look at 127.0.0.0:3306 for MySQL metrics:

jobs:
- name: local
dsn: root:my-secret-[email protected](127.0.0.1:3306)/

Netdata then collects metrics from the container itself, but also dozens MySQL-specific metrics as well.

Collect metrics from applications running in Docker containers

You could use this technique to monitor an entire infrastructure of Docker containers. The same enable and configure procedures apply whether an application runs on the host system or inside a container. You may need to configure the target endpoint if it's not the application's default.

Netdata can even run in a Docker container itself, and then collect metrics about the host system, its own container with cgroups, and any applications you want to monitor.

See our application metrics doc for details about Netdata's application metrics collection capabilities.

Collect Kubernetes metrics

We already have a few complementary tools and collectors for monitoring the many layers of a Kubernetes cluster, entirely for free. These methods work together to help you troubleshoot performance or availablility issues across your k8s infrastructure.

  • A Helm chart, which bootstraps a Netdata Agent pod on every node in your cluster, plus an additional parent pod for storing metrics and managing alarm notifications.
  • A service discovery plugin, which discovers and creates configuration files for compatible applications and any endpoints covered by our generic Prometheus collector. With these configuration files, Netdata collects metrics from any compatible applications as they run inside of a pod. Service discovery happens without manual intervention as pods are created, destroyed, or moved between nodes.
  • A Kubelet collector, which runs on each node in a k8s cluster to monitor the number of pods/containers, the volume of operations on each container, and more.
  • A kube-proxy collector, which also runs on each node and monitors latency and the volume of HTTP requests to the proxy.
  • A cgroups collector, which collects CPU, memory, and bandwidth metrics for each container running on your k8s cluster.

For a holistic view of Netdata's Kubernetes monitoring capabilities, see our guide: Monitor a Kubernetes (k8s) cluster with Netdata.

What's next?

Netdata is capable of collecting metrics from hundreds of applications, such as web servers, databases, messaging brokers, and more. See more in the application metrics doc.

If you already have all the information you need about collecting metrics, move into Netdata's meaningful visualizations with viewing all nodes at a glance.

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